End the use of any unofficial places of detention and ensure all detainees have prompt access to a lawyer.

These were two of our key recommendations as the international community prepares to review human rights in China as part of the United Nations process of Universal Periodic Review.

Every five years member states of the United Nations subject their human rights record to review by their peers. The third review of China is expected this autumn and stakeholders have been invited to submit their own reports as part of the UN's preparations.

The Rights Practice report focused on our concerns with the use of detention in China and, in particular, the practice of using unofficial locations to detain people. These include the use of "residential surveillance in a designated location", which we highlighted in a report to the Committee Against Torture in 2015, as well as the practice of liuzhi or "retention in custody" which has been introduced by the new Supervision Law. We are concerned that unofficial places of detention lack adequate monitoring and restrict access to lawyers placing detainees at high risk of torture.